Wednesday, January 29, 2020
The drugging of our children Essay Are young children early on exposed to psychotropic medications due to lack of medical attention? Do millions of children in these countries really have ADD or ADHD? These questions arise all over North America, Great Britain, and Australia. Drugging of children at young ages is the result of self-diagnoses, teacher diagnoses, and lack of medical care and treatment for children with the Ã¢â¬Å"diseaseÃ¢â¬ of Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In the documentary The Drugging of our Children, Gary Null, Forever Living Products, 2005, DVD Web, brings about the argument. Back in the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1990Ã¢â¬â¢s children began to be put on many different drugs for their behavior in school, the main drug being Ritalin. In the documentary, Null speaks out to parents of children that are on medication by interviewing many different parents, physicians, and education committees about the use of Ritalin and other psychotropic medications in young children. All of these things that are being evaluated of the childÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior is at school, and is compared to the expected behavior of that particular teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s classroom. The film goes on explain how teachers diagnose those more challenging students with either ADD or ADHD and have them forced to put their kid on a medication to Ã¢â¬Å"cureÃ¢â¬ their so called disease. After showing each case and their stories, the film also reflects the long term effects of the medications also. The process of diagnosing a child with ADD or ADHD starts in the school environment. Teachers early on look for flaws in students in regards to classroom disruption. There is a list of nine elements including: canÃ¢â¬â¢t sit in seat, fidgets, jumping out of chair, doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t wait his turn, blurts out answer before question is finished being asked, careless mistakes in schoolwork etc. If the teacher can identify at least six out of the nine characteristics, then she has the authority to tell the parent that their child will be sent to a special needs school program. They will also tell parents that their child needs to be medicated for this disease. Dr. James Schaller of the Medical College of Pennsylvania (Life Script; James Louis Schaller, MD) believes that one must rule everything out first and then see the actual problem before considering medication. It is common in this day and age for people to accuse the hyperactive child of their parents not knowing how to raise or control them. Dr. Michael D. Fraser states that parenting style is not a cause of ADD and ADHD but that itÃ¢â¬â¢s hereditary and can even have to do with things like low birth weight, diet, and allergies. Needleman stated that, Ã¢â¬Å"It has also been claimed that exposure to lead can cause delinquent behavior in childrenÃ¢â¬ . The number one symptom of ADD or ADHD is Ã¢â¬Å"Often fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seatÃ¢â¬ , stated by Peter Breggin, MD. Null only gets facts and stories from people that have been negatively affected by the use of psychotropic medications and doctors that are against the use of them. The audience is only able to wrap the mind around tragic situations thatÃ¢â¬â¢ll lead to agreement with the argument presented. It was observed that as children got older, school shootings became more common. The cause of this was claimed to be that children now days had easier access to guns in the home. Researchers looked further into this answering their own questions like Ã¢â¬Å"WerenÃ¢â¬â¢t guns easy to access in the 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s? Ã¢â¬ In fact, yes, it was just as easy, if not easier for children to get their hands on guns then also. Physicians looked further into the children committing these acts. Miguel Humara, Ph. D states that, Ã¢â¬Å"The most effective form of treatment for ADD and ADHD are cognitive behavioral therapy, and psychotropic medicationÃ¢â¬ . All of the children featured in the film had a history of being on some sort of psychotropic medication, the most common being Ritalin. These drugs are most commonly meant for people ages eighteen years or older, but doctors were being lazy and just prescribing these drugs to small children also. Comparing an eighteen year old on Ritalin to a seven year old on it, they had different side effects. While the eighteen year old was experiencing headache and vomiting, the seven year old was hallucinating and unconsciously doing violent acts. Obvious to viewers that these had long term consequences to younger aged children. This information makes sense and is valid from people with first-hand experience, but what about the people with no horrendous side effects? What about the doctors that do rule out everything before trying out medicine? These things should have also been addressed throughout the film for accurate accusation. The argument is strong and makes the audience think about medicating young children and is definitely persuasive in making them agree. This argument makes the audience think more in depth of the side effects of medication on young children in both their short term and long term effects. Null, throughout the entire film, speaks to the audience through the credibility of doctors, educators, and parents that have lived through experiences. This is an effective way to grab the attention of the audience with real life stories of victims. It makes the audience feel as if they know the victim and can have sympathy for their experience and therefore be able to agree with the argument, making the argument effective. In reality, young children are going to be a bit hyper and squirmy in their childhood and shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be look at as diseased or troubled. They need time to grow up and understand acceptable behavior. Though teachers and parents quickly make the assumption that there is something wrong, doctors need to be the ones to make the ultimate decision. Therefore, drugging of young children is the result of self-diagnoses, teacher diagnoses, and lack of medical attention and care for those with ADD and ADHD.
Monday, January 20, 2020
Recently, the term Ã¢â¬ËballadÃ¢â¬â¢ can be associated with everything from SolomonÃ¢â¬â¢s Song to an Aerosmith song. The dictionary defines it as a traditional story in song or a simple song. However, the medieval ballad is something of a different nature than that of the popular musical ballads of today. The definition of ballad in the medieval context is a narrative poem. The authors usually remain anonymous and the ballad is more often than not accompanied by dance (Gummere). This is not surprising considering the word Ã¢â¬ËballadÃ¢â¬â¢ comes from the Latin word Ã¢â¬Ëballare,Ã¢â¬â¢ meaning Ã¢â¬Ëto danceÃ¢â¬â¢ (Dixon). Almost all ballads follow the same distinct criteria. They are all performed by a minstrel or troubadour complemented by music and are normally performed for an audience. All ballads tell a story with major themes of revenge, envy, betrayal, loyalty, and superstition, although they may touch on other subjects. These stories only focus on one major event and can be about the dramatic events of heroes or every day people. Though the bulk of the stories begin in the middle of an event, there is very little background information given (Knight). Characters rarely show any development and most stories lack detail. It is also important to know that there are there are three types of ballads: traditional ballads, broadside ballads and literary ballads (Dixon). Traditional ballads originated from Ã¢â¬Ëfolk talesÃ¢â¬â¢ or other anecdotes told by peasants in England. These were most commonly passed by oral tradition. The broadside ballad is the traditional balladÃ¢â¬â¢s cousin in many ways. These ballads were more common in urban or city like areas in the 16th century and were more likely to be printed and handed out instead of performed. The literary ballad is a combination of both the traditional and broadside types. These ballads appeared in the 18th century when ballads began to be published (Gummere). Medieval ballads, of course, are in the category of traditional ballads. When studying medieval ballads, it is important to remember that the entertainment in the medieval period did not include television or computers. Medieval ballads were very lengthy to capture peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attention for long periods of time. This is how the stories were passed from one generation to the next. The passing of ballads orally was the most popular. Francis James Child was the first to put together a collection of over 300 ballads (Child). The only ballads that can be traced are those, which have been written. Medieval Ballads and Lyrics :: essays research papers fc Recently, the term Ã¢â¬ËballadÃ¢â¬â¢ can be associated with everything from SolomonÃ¢â¬â¢s Song to an Aerosmith song. The dictionary defines it as a traditional story in song or a simple song. However, the medieval ballad is something of a different nature than that of the popular musical ballads of today. The definition of ballad in the medieval context is a narrative poem. The authors usually remain anonymous and the ballad is more often than not accompanied by dance (Gummere). This is not surprising considering the word Ã¢â¬ËballadÃ¢â¬â¢ comes from the Latin word Ã¢â¬Ëballare,Ã¢â¬â¢ meaning Ã¢â¬Ëto danceÃ¢â¬â¢ (Dixon). Almost all ballads follow the same distinct criteria. They are all performed by a minstrel or troubadour complemented by music and are normally performed for an audience. All ballads tell a story with major themes of revenge, envy, betrayal, loyalty, and superstition, although they may touch on other subjects. These stories only focus on one major event and can be about the dramatic events of heroes or every day people. Though the bulk of the stories begin in the middle of an event, there is very little background information given (Knight). Characters rarely show any development and most stories lack detail. It is also important to know that there are there are three types of ballads: traditional ballads, broadside ballads and literary ballads (Dixon). Traditional ballads originated from Ã¢â¬Ëfolk talesÃ¢â¬â¢ or other anecdotes told by peasants in England. These were most commonly passed by oral tradition. The broadside ballad is the traditional balladÃ¢â¬â¢s cousin in many ways. These ballads were more common in urban or city like areas in the 16th century and were more likely to be printed and handed out instead of performed. The literary ballad is a combination of both the traditional and broadside types. These ballads appeared in the 18th century when ballads began to be published (Gummere). Medieval ballads, of course, are in the category of traditional ballads. When studying medieval ballads, it is important to remember that the entertainment in the medieval period did not include television or computers. Medieval ballads were very lengthy to capture peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s attention for long periods of time. This is how the stories were passed from one generation to the next. The passing of ballads orally was the most popular. Francis James Child was the first to put together a collection of over 300 ballads (Child). The only ballads that can be traced are those, which have been written.
Sunday, January 12, 2020
The novel “Frankenstein” can be seen to have been inspired by events and experiences in Mary Shelley’s own life
Mary Shelley's young age while writing the novel Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ in 1816 seems not to be distinguished with serious life experience which could influence her world famous work. This first impression proves to be wrong when reading her biography. We find a lot of personal, literary and political-philosophical factors forming her mind. The life of the tender woman is marked by grief from the very beginning. It is not impossible that she has carried some feeling of guilt because only a few days after she has been born her mother dies. The arrival of the new daughter instead of bringing happiness to the family throws it into deep despair. It is possible to link this first tragic event in Mary Shelley's life with the thoughts of Frankenstein before his death: Ã¢â¬Å"I, not in deed, but in effect, was the real murderer. Ã¢â¬Å"(p. 90). Later after the discovery of the body of Henry Clerval, analysing Frankenstein's bitter conclusion, we could build our reflection into the same direction. Why not assume a subconscious guilt to have followed Mary Shelley all her life? She could think that her half-sister might not have committed suicide if their mother has been alive. The next tragedy Ã¢â¬â finding Henrietta (P. B. Shelley's wife) drowned Ã¢â¬â could also be associated. Psychologically it is not an exception for a wife abandoned by her husband to kill herself. A nearly direct reminder of a possible self-accusation by the writer is the first person form of the Frankenstein narrative: Ã¢â¬Å"I called myself the murderer of William, of Justine, and of ClervalÃ¢â¬ (P. 171). A similar collection of negative features could lead us towards the sinful heroes of Godwin's book Ã¢â¬Å"Caleb WilliamsÃ¢â¬ , 1794, (Kindle. M. The claims of Caleb about himself are very close to those of Shelley's hero: Ã¢â¬Å"My offense has merely been a mistaken thirst for; knowledgeÃ¢â¬ It seems the shadow of the dead parent has haunted Mary even without any actual memory of the funeral of her dead mother. Impressions are apparently included in the idea for the similar picture over the mantle-piece in Frankenstein's library which has Ã¢â¬Å"represented Caroline Beaufort in an agony of despair, kneeling by the coffin if her dead father. Ã¢â¬ (p. 75). It is understandable that Mary is acutely depressed after losing her first baby just one year before he beginning of the writing of Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ . According to the notes in her Journal (Hindle M. p. xv) it has been very difficult for her to accept this death and she has had dreams that by rubbing the baby before the fire it could come back to life again. Obviously such a vision is prominent in the whole novel, subtitled Ã¢â¬Å"The Modern PrometheusÃ¢â¬ , being impressed not as much by Aeschylus's version of the legend as by Ovid's one. The English author includes in it many of the progressive ideas of her epoch, especially those coming from science. There is firm evidence of Mary Shelley's substantial education and profound interest in the latest biological research. She is attracted by the contemporary work of the physician Dr. Erasmus Darwin and the chemist Sir Humphry Davy, just as Frankenstein is impressed by an early experience with electricity. The young woman has not been a stranger to active political life either, due to the direct involvement of her father in it. We could link all the conservative attacks against him with the reaction towards the monster. Under the sway of the French Revolution, William Godwin shows explicitly his atheism, i. e. his differentiating from everyone. Inheriting and sharing her father's unusual ideas, the daughter displays her insight in the novel about creating life in contrast with the wide spread tradition. The-influence of her history studies is transformed into Frankenstein's over sophisticated conclusions about some important world happenings. Pondering on the interference of his laboratory work with his family relationship he generalises: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ f no man allowed any pursuit whatsoever to interfere with the tranquility of his domestic affections, Greece had been not enslaved; Caesar would have spared his countryÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬ (P. 54). Being well educated, Mary Shelley is probably aware enough of the real reasons for the events her hero lists. The purpose of such unjustified estimation is more likely to be the author's aim to show Frankenstein's excessive self-confidence in his own intellectual potential power and the exaggerating of the individual significance. His forename is not chosen accidentally. It is like a prediction of victory. Unfortunately we discover a hidden irony there. The insanity of his desires protrudes from the background of the looming mighty Alps in the numerous magnificent descriptions of the imposing mountain chain. It is not enough to underline the unison or contradictions between the characters' actions and the grand natural pictures. The presence of the awesome Alps in the book is not only an influence from the splendid location where the novel was conceived but also we receive the impression that the mountain has even an independent role in the narrative. The silent Ã¢â¬Å"actorÃ¢â¬ helps us to see clearer the contrast with the monomaniacal performance of the main hero. We understand that the might belongs only to Nature and that nobody should dare to compete with it. As such fighting takes a lot of time and effort, during the long six years Frankenstein devotes all his attention to the planned hard experiment. The researcher's engrossment in the scientific enterprise could be an allusion to Mr. Godwin's busy style of life. The lack of emotional contact with his daughter is presented both in the letters of Frankenstein's father and especially in the character of the monster. His determination to kill those dearest to Frankenstein is driven by the need to demonstrate the misery of being without friends and family. Despite the ferociously conducted duel between the main players, the author endeavours to invoke our sympathy for the appalling looking hero. Her searching, restless spirit dictates the tendency towards the unconventional and astonishing. Mary Shelley dares to be in contradiction even with the genre she uses to write the book. It is commented on immediately in 1818 by Sir Walter Scott in his article introducing the new title in Scotland: Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ he tale, though wild in incident, is written in plain and forcible English, without exhibiting that mixture of hyperbolical German with which tales of wonder are usually told, as if it were necessary that the language should be as extravagant as the fiction. Ã¢â¬ (Scott, W. , 1818). Mary Shelley changes the face of the Gothic genre being inspired by Cervantes' Ã¢â¬Å"Don QuixoteÃ¢â¬ which she reads while writing Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ . She follows the example of the great Spanish prosaic who comes to the idea of contradicting the existing knight's literature exactly as Shelley achieves a unique Gothic novel. Cervantes' influence is not only on the level of motivation but also hi presenting of the main heroes. While both desire to help other people they bring them nothing but misery. The scene with the dying Frankenstein on Walton's ship reminds us intensely of the mad speeches of Don Quixote. Both heroes try to contaminate with their ridiculous ideas the people surrounding them Ã¢â¬â Sancho Panza and other servants or the mariners who prefer to continue their journey back home. The distinguishing features of Mary Shelley's presentation on the literary scene are widely discussed. Her contribution to the development of English is also noticed by other critics. Just like her parents she is not afraid to think and act differently. The Ã¢â¬Å"excellence of language and peculiar interestÃ¢â¬ impresses the critic for The Belle Assemblee who says: Ã¢â¬Å"This workÃ¢â¬ ¦ has as well as originality and an easy energetic styleÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã¢â¬Å". Even today's readers, whose opinions are often based on mass-media productions, are pleasantly surprised by the delightful manner of writing. Despite the expectation of finding a story of horror and nightmares, the plot is saturated with lyrical diversions. These appear due to the direct sensitive influences of both family and close circle of friends. Among the contemporaries Mary Shelley reads with serious excitement romantic poets. Her imagination is preoccupied by the Coleridge's Ã¢â¬Å"The Rime of the Ancient MarinerÃ¢â¬ whose ideas she puts in the minds of both heroes Ã¢â¬â Dr Frankenstein and Captain Walton. Both are obsessed by the rhythm of the poem and quote from it to describe their own condition or determination. This brings additional charm to the gripping story. Reading nearly any stanza from the Ã¢â¬Å"Ancient MarinerÃ¢â¬ we can envisage the fascinating power of the epic over the young writer. Its elevating sound is extremely topical just after the time of the French Revolution: * Alone, alone, all, all alone, Alone on a wide wide sea! And never a saint took pity on My soul in agony. The spread out alliteration expands the boundaries of the immeasurable ocean as ajnetaphor of freedom and independence. Similar feelings have thrilled Mary Shelley while reading Ã¢â¬Å"EmilÃ¢â¬ by Jean Jacques Rousseau. It encourages the ideas of Liberty, Equality, Fraternity -the stimulation for the armed insurrection and the insistence on human rights through the character of the monster. Rousseau's ideas elaborated by Godwin in his Ã¢â¬Å"Political JusticeÃ¢â¬ are the best explanation for the transforming of the creature into a villain due to treatment by society. A lot of other writers and their books have contributed to forming the views which Mary Shelley conveyed in her riveting novel. Whatsoever is the impact on Ã¢â¬Å"FrankensteinÃ¢â¬ one is undoubted Ã¢â¬â the envied talent of Mary Shelley to combine all her knowledge, intuitive capacities and innate genius for developing a real masterpiece.
Saturday, January 4, 2020
Throughout life, oneÃ¢â¬â¢s personality is a very important aspect of that individualÃ¢â¬â¢s wellbeing. Such characteristics are not only used by others in attempts to understand their peers, but also determine oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own satisfaction and view of themselves. People are always attempting to change who they are for the better, in efforts to live a more satisfying and self-fulfilling life through achieving higher personal needs. With that said, when studying the psychological basis behind oneÃ¢â¬â¢s development and change in personality, one specific theory and stance seems to explain this phenomenon of bettering oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self; that of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs. This stance, embedded in the humanistic perspective, suggests that individuals are motivated to self-actualize, but such a task can only be accomplished if basic human needs are obtained beforehand (Funder, 2013). With that said, there are specific requirements presented within the hierarchy which one needs to obtain in order to ultimately improve their well-being. These five needs include an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s physiological, safety, love, esteem, and self-actualization needs (McLeod, 2007). Considering the movie Ã¢â¬Å"Groundhog Day,Ã¢â¬ a character by the name of Phil Connors continues to relive the same day endlessly, regardless of what he does. As a result Connors goes through an extreme personality change which can be best described through the standpoint of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs. Phil ConnorÃ¢â¬â¢s Personality Described Phil Connors is anShow MoreRelatedMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs1741 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs and HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢s. The MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs include five levels, and at the certain extent, reflect the rule of human s activities on psychological and behavior. HerzbergÃ¢â¬â¢ describe the more details of worker agree or disagree about working. In this essay, more related knowledge details and effects will de described, then, analysis the two theories individual, choose a better one. II. Describe the two theories. 2.1MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs The MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needsRead MoreMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs1536 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesunderstanding of how to motivate different personality types. In the research I am going to compare MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs against Lawrence and NohiraÃ¢â¬â¢s 4 drive theory in an attempt to better understand their possible uses inside an organizational structure. LetÃ¢â¬â¢s first take a look a look at the two theories before discussing their potential benefit. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Hierarchy of Needs. We need to keep in mind that MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s field was phycology, so his research was done from a medical viewpoint more soRead MoreMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs1524 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSummary of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s The Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Maslow developed the theories of motivation because he felt that the sophistication of human behavior could not be portrayed through reinforcement or rewards. He felt that human action were directed toward realization and fulfillments and that behavior could be gratified while using multiple types of needs at the same time. Maslow wanted to find positive motivation as to why people react or engage in certain behaviors. He felt that basic survivalRead MoreMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs (p. 379 in EP)? Outline each level and discuss how it relates to motivation. Abraham Maslow was born in 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. 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MaslowRead MoreMaslow s The Hierarchy Of Needs1769 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Summary of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s The Hierarchy of Needs Jennifer Thompson Arkansas Tech University Author Note This individual research paper is being submitted on October 13, 2014 for Loretta CochranÃ¢â¬â¢s Management [BUAD 3123] course. Ã¢â¬Æ' Summary of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s The Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Maslow developed the theories of motivation because he felt that the sophistication of human behavior could not be portrayed through reinforcement or rewards. He felt that human action were directed toward realizationRead MoreMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs1498 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesjust want to survive in life they want to flourish. Maslow s hierarchy of needs explains to us a ranking of needs for most essential to the least. While the interactionist point of view explains how humans are social creatures and social interaction is just as important as all of the other needs listed on MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Model. Maslow s hierarchy of needs is a ranking of needs for most essential to the least. Corrections Today explains that Abraham Maslow was an American psychologist born in New York, heRead MoreMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs1846 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAbraham Maslow developed the Hierarchy of needs (HON) to try and explain human psychological developments and how these manifest themselves into a workerÃ¢â¬â¢s life. We will explore some issues brought up by the model and why it may lack a certain the degree of unification and how it could potentially work better if entwined with other views. Motivation is the Ã¢â¬Å"word derived from the word Ã¢â¬â¢motiveÃ¢â¬â¢ ItÃ¢â¬â¢s the process of stimulating people to actions to accomplish the goalsÃ¢â¬ (guide, 2017) Also, MaslowRead MoreMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs Essay1527 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages This international technology company demands strong motivation, stupendous leadership and great understanding between workers. Leaders need to create willingness amongst the employees to operate at their highest potential; this willingness is referred to as motivation. This report is based on a content/needs theory of motivation (MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs). It consists of two pieces of primary research on the theory. The first one summarises worker motivation on selected construction sites inRead MoreMaslow s Hierarchy Of Needs1388 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Abraham Maslow was an American philosopher who was born in the early 1990 s in Brooklyn, New York. He was one of the leading theorists that promoted humanistic psychology during his era. Maslow sought to understand what motivates and inspires individuals. He theorized that individuals possess and hold a group of motivation and incentive systems not related to plunder or insensible desires. Maslow declared that people are motivated and provoked to attain certain needs. When one need is fulfilled